1966166. GEORGE DOUGLAS was the 1st Earl of Angus and he was born at Tantallon Castle, East Lothian on 24th October 1376.The bastard son of William, 1st Earl of Douglas and Margaret Stewart, Dowager Countess of Mar & Countess of Angus and Lady Abernethy in her own right.
He was seen as the product of incest as his mother was the widow of Earl William's wife's brother, Thomas, 13th Earl of Mar.
Earl William's legitimate wife Margaret of Mar had already produced an heir for her Lord in 1358, James, 2nd Earl of Douglas and Mar inherited upon his father's death in 1384
In 1389, his mother, Margaret of Angus relinquished her title in favour of her son, but he did not assume it until his betrothal in 1397 to the princess Mary, daughter of King Robert III. Margaret of Angus' influence must have been considerable- in addition to obtaining a royal bride for her illegitimate son, she persuaded King Robert to confirm him in his style of Earl of Angus, and also to bestow upon him the lordships of Abernethy, (Perthshire) and Bonkill, (Berwickshire); and "to endow him and his spouse with the justiciary fees of the County of Forfar, to ratify all gifts, entails, and leases made or to be made by Isabel, Countess of Mar, to the said Jorge her brothir" -(Maxwell).
He married Princess Mary Stuart on 24th May 1397. Angus does not appear to have taken much interest in Public life, although his name appears on various minor charters. In 1402 however, he was dispatched under orders of the Duke of Albany, Regent of Scotland to accompany Murdoch, Earl of Fife and the Earl of Moray to assist the Earl of Douglas during his invasion of Northumberland. That incursion ended at the disastrous field of Battle of Homildon Hill where the Scots were routed and all of the above taken prisoner. He died in 1403 of the plague while captive, after being wounded five times. He is buried at Douglas, South Lanarkshire.
James Douglas b. 1394
983083. Elizabeth Mary Douglas of Angus b. Feb 24 1398 Mar Lodge, Aberdeenshire,
William Douglas 2nd Earl of Angus b. 1398
1966167. LADY MARY STEWART Princess of Scotland was born at Dunfermline,Fife around 1380. She is usually recorded incorrectly as Mary Stuart. She held the titles of Lady Hamilton Countess of Arran and Countess Consort of Arran. After the death of George she married first Sir James Kennedy of Dunure the Younger in 1404 and then in 13 Nov 1413 she married Sir William Graham of Kincardine-in-Menteith and Montrose. She lastly married William Edmonstone of Duntreath in 1425. She died at Duntreath Castle, Strathblane, Stirlingshire on 20th March 1457.
Children to James Kennedy
Mary Kennedy b. 1405
Gilbert Kennedy of Dunure, 1st Lord Kennedy b. 1406
James Kennedy, Bishop of St. Andrews b. 1408
John Kennedy of Dunure & Cassilis b. 1408
View of Tantallon Castle with the Bass Rock
by Alexander Nasmyth
The seal of George Douglas the 1st Earl of Angus
Princess Mary Stuart
3932332. WILLIAM DOUGLAS, 1st Earl of Douglas was born at Douglas, Angus, on April 1323. From the time of his father's death at Halidon Hill on 19 July 1333 he is described as being a ward of his kinsman and godfather, William Douglas, Knight of Liddesdale and was educated in France. On 26 May 1342, under pressure from Liddesdale, his uncle Hugh the Dull resigned the Lordship of Douglas to him, though Liddesdale rapaciously administered his estates while it was in his ward-ship, and assumed direct ownership of some of the Douglas territories.
Douglas returned to Scotland, upon reaching his majority in 1348, and immediately started to put his house in order. In 1346-47 following the Battle of Neville's Cross, King David II, and other nobility, including Liddesdale, were held captive by the English. Edward Baliol used the opportunity to ravage the whole of the south of Scotland. Douglas gathered his men and drove the English out from his ancestral lands of Douglasdale.
Douglas next became one of the commissioners to negotiate with the English for the release of David II of Scotland.
In 1353, Edward Baliol, son of King John of Scotland, was ensconced at Buittle in his ancestral territories in Galloway. Douglas led a raid there to eject him due to Baliol's forfeiture of those lands that had been made over to Sir James Douglas in 1324. Following this raid, returning through the Forest, Douglas came across Liddesdale hunting on what Douglas viewed as his land. This was the match that lit the fuse of years of resentment over Liddesdale's assumption of the Douglas patrimony and Liddesdale's murder of Sir Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie. Liddesdale, once in high standing with the Crown, had fallen into disfavour following his murder of Ramsay and another Knight, Sir David de Barclay. Douglas set upon Liddesdale and killed him. In February 1354, William of Douglas received a new charter from King David bestowing all the lands held by his uncle Sir James, his father Sir Archibald, and Liddesdale itself.
In 1355 the truce with England expired and Douglas with the Earl of Dunbar and March, whose lands had been ravaged, decided to take Norham Castle in retaliation. One of Douglas' captains, Sir William Ramsay of Dalhousie, was instructed to despoil the lands around Norham and burn the town in an effort to entice the garrison out to battle. Ramsay did so and the English under the castle's constable, Sir Thomas Grey of Heaton and Lord Dacre, gave chase. Douglas and March meanwhile were encamped seven miles away in woodland to the south of Duns, when Ramsay had reached them. The English pursuers were ambushed by the Scots force, and completely overwhelmed. Following this Battle of Nesbit Moor, Douglas and March joined with the Earl of Angus in making an assault upon Berwick, but the Scots had to retire from there before the advancing army of Edward III. King Edward laid waste to the Lothians in an event that would be known as the "Burnt Candlemas". His supply lines were overstretched, and following the sinking of his fleet, and the Scots scorched earth policy, Edward had to turn homewards, but not before being ambushed and nearly taken by Lord Douglas's men outside Melrose. Following Edward's retreat into England, Douglas arranged a truce with William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton that would last until Michaelmas.
He also arranged a Safe conduct to visit the captive King David. Following this Douglas crossed with a large following to France and took up arms with Jean le Bon against Edward of Woodstock, the Black Prince. Douglas was present at the Battle of Poitiers where he was knighted by the French King. Douglas fought in the King's own Battle, but when the fight seemed over Douglas was dragged by his men from the melee. Froissart states that "... the Earl Douglas of Scotland, who fought a season valiantly, but when he saw the discomfiture he departed and saved himself; for in no way would he be taken by the Englishmen, he would rather there be slain". After the defeat there Douglas escaped, but left a number of his men either slain or captive, including his first cousin latterly the 3rd Earl of Douglas, Archibald the Grim.
Douglas returned to Scotland by mid Autumn, and was involved in peace negotiations with the English, one aspect of the treaty was the creation of March Wardens of which Douglas was one. Under the auspice of this office, Douglas seized Hermitage Castle in Liddesdale from the English in response to their depredations on Eskdale. Douglas was part of the parliament that met at Berwick in 1357, which finalised the release of King David through the Treaty of Berwick, Douglas himself being one of the securities for his release.
He built Tantallon Castle around 1358, the last Scottish medieval curtain-wall castle.
He married Lady Margaret of Mar, daughter of Donald, 8th Earl of Mar and Isabella Stewart, in 1357. Following this marriage William became the proprietor of Bonkyl Kirk. William also had two illegitimate children by his wife's sister-in-law, Countess Margaret of Angus , widow of the 13th Earl of Mar. These were George Douglas (born c.1380, at Tantallon Castle) afterwards 1st Earl of Angus, and Joan Douglas .
After his marriage, William was styled as Earl of Mar and created 1st Earl of Douglas [Scotland] on 26 January 1357/58. He held the office of Warden of the Marches.
He was appointed Justiciar of Scotland by Robert the Bruce in 1371.
He died at Douglas Castle, Douglas, Lanarkshire, on 1 st May 1384 and was buried at
Melrose Abbey in the Scottish Borders,
Children by Margaret of Mar
James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas (1358–1388)
Isabel Douglas, Countess of Mar (1360–1408)
3932333. MARGARET STEWART was Dowager Countess of Mar & Countess of Angus and Lady Abernethy and was born around 1345. She married Sir Thomas Mar who died in 1374 age 46 . After being widowed she had an illicit affair with William Douglas, who was the husband of Thomas' sister, she became the mother of 1966166.George Douglas 1st Earl of Angus. In 1389, Margaret of Angus relinquished her title in favour of her son, but he did not assume it until his betrothal in 1397 to the princess Mary, daughter of King Robert III. Margaret of Angus' influence must have been considerable - in addition to obtaining a royal bride for her illegitimate son, she persuaded King Robert to confirm him in his style of Earl of Angus, and also to bestow upon him the lordships of Abernethy, (Perthshire) and Bonkill, (Berwickshire); and "to endow him and his spouse with the justiciary fees of the County of Forfar, to ratify all gifts, entails, and leases made or to be made by Isabel, Countess of Mar, to the said Jorge her brothir" She died on 23rd March 1417.
Defeat for the French King John and his son at the Battle of Poitiers
Commanding a vital ford over the River Tweed, Norham was one of the strongest of the border castles.
7864664. Sir ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS was the younger son of Sir William "le Hardi" Douglas born sometime before 1298. He was also half-brother of "the Good" Sir James Douglas, King Robert the Bruce's deputy.
Douglas is first heard of in 1320 when he received a charter of land at Morebattle in Roxburghshire and Kirkandrews in Dumfriesshire from King Robert. In 1324, he was recorded as being granted the lands of Rattray and Crimond in Buchan and the lands of Conveth, Kincardineshire, already being possession of Cavers in Roxburghshire, Drumlanrig and Terregles in Dumfriesshire, and the lands of West Calder in Midlothian. By the time of his death, he was also in possession of Liddesdale.
He served under his older brother, James, in the 1327 campaign in Weardale, where his foragers "auoint curry apoi tot levesche de Doresme"- overran nearly all the Bishopric of Durham and gathered much booty. Following the death of King Robert I and his brother's crusade with the dead king's heart, he was made guardian of the kingdom since he was "the principal adviser in...the confounding of the king" as much as he was heir to his brothers influence after Murray's capture. Archibald's success in local raids though, did not prepare him for full-scale conflict.
During the Second War of Scottish Independence, Edward Baliol, had invaded Scotland with the backing of Edward III of England, inflicting a defeat on the Scots at the Battle of Dupplin Moor. Douglas served under the dubious leadership of Patrick V, Earl of Dunbar leader of the second army that aimed to crush the smaller Balliol force. Following the rout of the Earl of Mar's force Dunbar did not engage the disinherited but retreated allowing Edward Balliol to be crowned at Scone. Following this battle, and as a sweetener to the English, Edward Baliol agreed to cede the county, town and castle of Berwick to England in perpetuity. However Douglas led a Bruce loyalist defeat of Balliol at the Battle of Annan, forcing him to flee back to England.
Edward III himself came north to command his army, and laid siege to Berwick. However, a temporary truce was declared with the stipulation that if not relieved within a set time, Sir Alexander Seton, the governor, would deliver the castle to the English. Douglas raised an army to relieve the beleaguered defenders of Berwick. As a feint to draw the English away he invaded Northumberland, but was forced to return to Berwick when the English refused to be lured. On 19 July 1333, Edward's army took positions at the summit of Halidon Hill, a summit some mile and a half north of the town with commanding views of the surrounding country. Douglas' numerically superior force was compelled to attack up the slope and were slaughtered by the English archers.
The English won the field with little loss of life, however by the close of the fight, countless Scots common soldiery, five Scots Earls and the Guardian Douglas lay dead.
He married Beatrice de Lindsay.
Children of Sir Archibald Douglas and Beatrice de Lindsay
3932332. William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas b. c 1330, d. May 1384
John Douglas died in 1342 in the retinue of David II of Scotland in France
7864665. BEATRICE de LINDSAY was the daughter of Sir Alexander de Lindsay born about 1267 and died 1307 . She married, firstly, Sir Archibald Douglas, son of Sir William 'Le Hardi' Douglas She married, secondly, Sir Robert Erskine son of Sir William Erskine She was also known as Beatrix.
Children of Beatrice de Lindsay and Sir Robert Erskine
Sir Thomas Erskine, d. Bef 28 May 1404
Sir Nicholas Erskine, of Kinnoull, d. Bef Dec 1406
Marion (Mariota) Erskine,
Archibald's half brother, James The Black Douglas.
The Seige of Berwick
The Royal Burgh of Berwick on Tweed boasted nearly all the trade of 13th century Scotland; the equivalent of 25% of England's annual treasury in 1296 making it obvious why the Butcher of Berwick, Edward Plantagenet set his sights on acquiring the ancient burgh for his own.
15729328. Sir WILLIAM 'Le Hardi' DOUGLAS was born 1255 and died January 24, 1298 He first is recorded at an Assize at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1256, when his father made over a Carucate of land at Warndon, Northumberland to him. A carucate being the extent cultivated by one plough in one year and a day (120 acres).
About the year 1264 Sir William, the father, purchased the house and lands of Fawdon in the same county. These he held as the vassal of a Scottish noble, the Earl of Angus. But this earl was none other than the English knight, Gilbert de Umfraville, Lord of Redesdale, who had come by that great earldom through his mother, and now laid before Prince Edward (afterwards Edward I.) charges of disaffection against Douglas, begging a gift of his manor of Fawdon. The case was tried before a jury, Douglas being acquitted and Fawdon restored to him. Thereupon Umfraville, taking the law into his own hands, attacked the house of Fawdon with a hundred men on I9th July1267, captured it, appropriated 31L marks in cash, besides silver spoons, cups, clothes, arms, jewels, gold rings, etc., to the value of 100, carried Douglas off and imprisoned him in Harbottle Tower. In the melee young William Douglas was wounded in the neck nearly bled to death.
A second trial followed in 1269, whereat Douglas was adjudged owner of Fawdon, and Umfraville was fined. William le Hardi was knighted before 1288. In that year Duncan, Earl of Fife, one of the Six Guardians, was foully done to death at Pitteloch in Fife by Sir Hugh de Abernethy and other gentlemen of the opposition. Now Sir Hugh was the brother of Douglas's sister Marjory, and in those days kinship commonly overrode other civil obligations; but on this occasion the Douglas was all for law and order; it was to him that Sir Andrew de Moray handed over Abernethy, to be imprisoned in the vaults of Douglas Castle, where he died before 1293. Not often did captives survive for long the intolerable rigours and unwholesomeness of mediaeval dungeons. In 1291 Edward I., as overlord of Scotland, ordered the transfer of Abernethy from Douglas to one of the royal prisons, but his commands were not obeyed.
The William Douglas who went Crusading, it is suggested was William Douglas, the son rather than the father, who accompanied David I Strathbogie, Earl of Atholl, and other Scots nobility on the Eighth Crusade in 1270, as recorded by John of Fordun in his Chronica Gentis Scotorum. Fraser also concedes that there is no existing evidence left to verify this, except the reference in Godscroft's work.
Douglas' father, Longleg died at some point around 1274 and there is some confusion as to whether his eldest son Hugh predeceased him, however William the Hardy was certainly in possession of his estates by the end of the decade. Douglas was knighted before 1288, when he was called upon by Sir Andrew Moray, to imprison his uncle Sir Hugh de Abernethy at Douglas Castle. Abernethy had been party to the murder of Donnchadh III, Earl of Fife, one of the six Guardians of Scotland. Abernethy died in custody despite attempts by Edward I of England to have him released.
Later in 1288, William Douglas and a Borders Knight known as John Wishart surrounded the Castle of Fa'side near Tranent. The castle was held by Alan la Zouche, 1st Baron la Zouche of Ashby, feudal superior of the barony of Tranent. Within the Castle was Zouche's wife Eleanor, and another Eleanor, recently widowed wife of William de Ferrers of Groby, King Edward had provided a handsome dowry from her husband's English lands following his death. He had also possessed lands in five counties in Scotland, and Eleanor had come north to collect her rents. Rather than despoliate the land and the castle, Douglas contented himself by abducting Eleanor and removing her to Douglas Castle.
Eleanor – apparently not averse to the rough charms of her kidnapper – and Douglas were wed soon afterwards. King Edward was not so charmed and ordered the Sheriff of Northumberland to seize all Douglas possessions in that county and to apprehend Douglas and Wishart if the chance arose. Edward also demanded that the Guardians of Scotland immediately arrest Douglas and deliver him and Eleanor to his pleasure. The Guardians did not respond. Douglas was connected to two of the Guardians: James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland was his brother-in-law, and Alexander Comyn, Earl of Buchan was a brother-in-law of Eleanor de Lovaine. Furthermore, the Guardians may not have reacted well to the peremptory nature of the English king's request.
In 1289, Douglas requested the release of certain family charters from Richard, Abbot of Kelso. These charters had been kept at the Priory of Lesmahagow, a daughter house of the Tironensian Abbey of Kelso, for safety. In the receipt for these documents, Douglas styled himself Dominus de Duglas, Lord of Douglas, the first time the title had been recorded.
Douglas had married Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland, by whom he had his eldest son James. Elizabeth Stewart appears to have died before the end of 1288, possibly in childbirth.
However, Douglas seems to have fallen into the hands of the English monarch in early 1290 and was confined at Knaresborough Castle. His imprisonment does not appear to have been unduly harsh, he was released by the spring of 1290 when his wife Eleanor posted bail for his release with four manucaptors in May 1290, these four knights, all her cousins, were John Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings, Nicholas de Segrave, 1st Baron Segrave, William de Rye and Robert Bardulf. He was in favour with Edward again and he and Wishart had their Northumbrian lands restored to them. Eleanor Douglas was fined £100 sterling, and by way of payment had some of her manors in Surrey and Herefordshire taken by the crown in 1296.
Douglas' seal is on the Treaty of Salisbury approving the putative marriage between Margaret, Maid of Norway with Edward of Caernarfon, and was amongst those nobles that hammered out the deal that would become the Treaty of Birgham. At Norham, in June 1291, the Guardians accepted King Edward as Lord Paramount of Scotland. Whilst the negotiations were progressing, regarding the choice of the next King of Scots, Edward was staying with Sir Walter de Lindsay at Thurston Manor, near Innerwick, when William Douglas paid an oath of fealty to him in the chapel there. By the end of 1291, Douglas had fallen again into disfavour and had his lands of Douglasdale forfeited to the English King. Edward appointed his own creatures as baronial officers and made one Master Eustace de Bikerton, Parson of St. Bride's Kirk, the spiritual home and burying ground of the Douglases. John Balliol was declared King of Scots on 17 November 1292, and called his first parliament on 10 February 1293. Douglas along with Robert de Brus, Earl of Carrick, Aonghus Mór mac Domhnaill, Lord of Islay, John, Earl of Caithness failed to attend and were proclaimed defaulters. Douglas attended the second parliament of King John, but was imprisoned again for failing to comply with royal officers enforcing a judgement against him, and imprisoning said officers in Douglas Castle. Whilst in prison Douglas was duty bound to be at his lands in Surrey, in order to provide service for Edward, his failure cost him £20 sterling in fines.
Siege of Berwick
Upset at the humiliations heaped upon John Balliol and the ineffectiveness of his rule, a new Guardianship was created in 1295. These men concluded a treaty at Paris and ratified it at Dunfermline between the Kingdoms of Scotland, France and Norway, that would become known as the Auld Alliance. Douglas siding with his countrymen, was appointed Governor of Berwick upon Tweed, the most important commercial centre in Scotland at the time. When the Guardians threw down the Gauntlet to Edward, he arrived at the walls of Berwick with 5000 Cavalry and 30,000 Infantry. There followed one of the most brutal episodes in British history, the Sack of Berwick. The English army took the town by storm on Good Friday 1296 and gave no quarter to the inhabitants. The slaughter lasted for two days and the estimated death toll was between 7,500 and 8,500 men women and children. Appalled and after a resolute defense, the garrison of Berwick Castle under the leadership of William Douglas, gave themselves up to the mercy of King Edward. The garrison were freed and were allowed to march out of the castle with their arms, but Douglas was imprisoned and the last of his estates in Essex forfeit. (Douglas’ two-year-old son Hugh had been taken into ward by the Sheriff of Essex at Stebbing, one of the forfeited properties)
Douglas was imprisoned in the Hog's Tower at Berwick castle and stayed there until gaining his freedom by appending his seal to the Ragman Roll, in common with the majority of the Scots nobility. Within days of his swearing his new oath of Fealty to Edward, Douglas was restored to his lands in Scotland, but not those in England. To add salt to the wound, Douglas' Land at Fawdon and others in Northumberland were made over to his old foe Gilbert de Umfraville, Earl of Angus, Douglas had no reluctance in joining the patriotic party.
The Umfravilles' latterly forfeited Earldom of Angus was granted in 1389 to Douglas' great-grandson, George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus.
Uprising of William Wallace
Following the Battle of Dunbar, a large section of the Scots nobility were languishing in prison in England. The countryside was fomenting and there was talk of a new champion for the Scots people, William Wallace of Elderslie had started his campaign. Douglas was summoned to attend King Edward in London on 7 July 1297, with fifty other barons to accompany him on an expedition to Flanders to aid Guy of Dampierre, Count of Flanders against Philip le Bel King of France. Douglas refused and joined company with Wallace. Most Scots magnates thought that Wallace was beneath their dignity, but Douglas had no such compunction. He was the first nobleman to join with Sir William Wallace in 1297 in rebellion; combining forces at Sanquhar, Durisdeer and later Scone Abbey where they liberated the English treasury. With that booty Wallace financed further rebellion. Wallace joined his forces with that of Sir Andrew Moray and together they led the patriot army in the Battle at Stirling Bridge fought on 11 September 1297. They were joined by other patriots such as Robert Wishart Bishop of Glasgow, and the Morays of Bothwell, with a contingent of Douglases at the national muster at Irvine, North Ayrshire.
Bruce raid on Douglas Castle
When Edward heard of Douglas' supposed treason he commanded the future King of Scots Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick, then governor of Carlisle for the English to take retribution. Bruce swept into Douglasdale at the king's order. However, young Bruce, who was twenty-two years old at the time, stated, "I must join my own people and the nation in which I was born." He then was joined by the men of Douglas and Lady Douglas, proceeding to join the rebels at Irvine.
The third time Douglas was held a prisoner of Edward Plantagenet, was after 9 July 1297 when he was accused by Sir Henry de Percy of breaking his covenant of peace with Edward that was agreed to in the document known as the Capitulation at Irving Water, where Douglas was in the company of Robert Brus, Alexander de Lindsay and John and James (the latter three his brothers in law). By the time Sir Andrew de Moray and William Wallace won their great victory at Stirling, Sir William the Hardy was again Edward's prisoner at Berwick Castle; staying in what was now called 'Douglas Tower'.
Following Wallace's success at Stirling Bridge the English fled Berwick on Tweed with Douglas and another Scottish prisoner Thomas de Morham; both were later committed to the Tower of London on 12 October 1297 with Douglas being hung there in 1298
Ronald McNair Scott, in his book "Robert the Bruce: King of Scots", writes about William "le Hardi's" eager alliance with Wallace, "The gesture of Sir William (Douglas) was typical of the man. Crusader, warrior, egoist, he had gone his own throughout life with very little regard for anyone else. He had flouted the guardians of the interregnum and insulted the authority of King Edward by abducting and forcibly marrying Eleanor de Ferrers, an English widow, while she was staying with relatives in Scotland."
15729329. Eleanor de Louvaine born in 1268 at Bildeston, Suffolk, England was the daughter of Matthew II de Lovaine, of Little Easton and Helisant Essex Debohun. She had 3 husbands. She first married Sir William de Ferrers of Groby , Constable of Scotland sometime before 20th December 1287. He was the son of Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl Derby, Constable of Bolsover Castle and Margaret de Quincy. William de Ferrers died on 20th December 1287.
She then obtained a marriage license on 18 February 1291 to marry William Douglas. Her last husband was Sir William Bagot. They obtained a marriage license on 8 April 1305.
She died on May 3rd 1326 at the Priory, Dunmow, Essex, England and was buried there.
Children with Elizabeth Stewart,
Sir James "The Good" Douglas, b. 1286, Scotland d. 25 Aug 1330, Spain
Children with Eleanor de Louvaine,
Hugh "The Dull" Douglas, b. 1294, d. Bef 1347
7864664. Sir Archibald Douglas, of Liddesdale, Cavers, Regent of Scotland, b. Abt 1297, d. 1333l
In this private chamber in the Tower of London Prince Edward Caernarvon signed in the prisoner William le Hardi Douglas to his final confinement on 12 October 1297; the Crusader Knight and hero was murdered on 6th November 1298 by men at arms in service to Sir Henry de Percy
The priory church at Dunmow, Essex was originally cruciform shaped with an aisled nave and chancel, the S chancel aisle forming a Lady Chapel. This is all that remains today.
Known for his physical prowess that earned him the sobriquet of le Hardi, William Lord Douglas was a laird of great determination and moral courage; his immense size, penetrating dark eyes and his swarthy good looks made him a formidable opponent in the joust
Knaresborough Castle Yorkshire
Fa'side Castle Tranent
The ruined tower of Douglas Castle
The lands of Fawdon Northumbria
31458656. William, Lord of Douglas was born in 1200 at Douglas Castle,Douglas,Lanarkshire. He was known as 'Longleg' and was a Scoto-Norman nobleman. He was reported to be "of tall and goodly stature" and so by acquired his pseudonym. William married the sister of the Earl of Carrick, who in turn was the grandfather of Robert The Bruce. It is supposed by his second wife, Constance Battail of Fawdon to have been given the title Lord of Fawdon.
The years of the minority of King Alexander III (1249–1262) featured an embittered struggle for the control of affairs between two rival parties, the one led by the nationalistic Walter Comyn, Earl of Menteith, the other by pro-English Alan Durward, Justiciar of Scotia. The former dominated the early years of Alexander's reign. In 1255 an interview between the English and Scottish kings at Kelso led to Menteith and his party losing to Durward's party but in 1257 the Menteith party strengthened their hand by capturing King Alexander at Kinross, and won the trick; after which there was a coalition of factions and a suspension at least of violent intrigues, enabling Long-leg's eldest son Hugh to choose a wife from an ultra-nationalist house, to wit, that of Abernethy. The indenture between Sir Hugh de Abernethy and Sir William de Douglas for this marriage is the earliest charter of the Douglases which has escaped destruction. It is dated 1259. Later both parties called a Meeting of the great Magnates of the Realm to establish a regency until Alexander came of age. William Lord of Douglas was one of the magnates called to witness. Douglas was a partisan of Durward's party. This can be explained by the fact that although most of his territories lay in Douglasdale, through his wife, Constance, he had obtained the rich Manor of Fawdon in Northumberland and therefore, it was his interest to keep in favour with the English King.
Sir William died on 16th October 1274 at York Castle.
He married Constance Battail of Fawdon, and had two sons and a daughter:
Hugh I, Lord of Douglas (died c. 1274). Little of Hugh is known about him beyond the fact of his marriage with Marjory de Abernethy, and tradition points to a recumbent figure in St. Bride's Church as marking her tomb. Tradition also is the only warrant for an exploit attributed to her husband Hugh by Maitland and Godscroft. Hugh is said to have got into feud with one of his neighbours in Douglasdale, Fatten Purdie of Umdrawod, who laid an ambush for Hugh as he rode alone. Hugh, perceiving the trap in time, turned and galloped off, pursued by Purdie's men, till he met a party of his own people, when he in turn became the pursuer and inflicted severe punishment upon his assailants. Purdie and two of his sons were slain, and Maitland quotes some doggerel in which the affair was commemorated.
15729328. William the Hardy, Lord of Douglas
Willelma de Douglas (d. 1302)
31458657. CONSTANCE BATAILLE was born in 1235 at Fawdon, Castle Ward, Northumberland, England. She was the daughter of William de Bataille b. 1207 d, 1265 and Constance de Flamville. She died around 1261 thought to be in child birth at Douglas Castle, Lanarkshire.
The ruins of Douglas Castle
King Alexander iii seal
The history of Faudon Manor in the Douglas family begins with Gilbert Bataille who was the first of his family in Britain. The following shows the succession from 1207:
Northumberland:---Constance wife of William Bataylle versus John Fitz Simon in a plea to hear her trial by Yedonus de Swouegheton, in fifteen days from Easter. The same day is given to William in banco.
[Coram Rege Rolls, John 'incert' no. 60 m.1]
There were two documented children of William Bataille and Constance Flamville: Robert Bataille who died s.p. and his heir, his sister Constance Bataille who married William Douglas [1200-1274]. The manor of Faudon was brought to William Douglas through this marriage. He was from the beginning of his tenure of Faudon plagued by the Umfraville claim. In addition to the documentation below he also had one suit that proved false where he claimed that the Umfravilles had broken in the manor house attempted to kill him and injure his wife Constance and wounded his son William ['le Hardi'] so severely by a cut in the neck that they almost cut off his head. This suit was thrown out for lack of proof in the English courts. The following suit tells of the problems between these families over Faudon:
Oct. 30, 1207.
Northumberland:---Richard de Umfraville by Geoffry de Luci his attorney complains that Eustace de Vesci deforces him of the custody of Henry Bataille's heir, which is his reason of the enfeoffment which Robert ' with the beard', Richard's great grandfather (proavus) gave to Gilbert Bataille the heir's ancestor. For when Gilbert came with him to the conquest of England, Robert gave him seizin of Faudon and the moiety of Neuerton, to be held of him and his heirs for the service of a Knight. He held it for his life, and Walter Bataille his son after him, and after him Henry Bataille the heir's father. And so he should have the custody and counsel of the heir. Eustace, by John and Simon his attorneys, defends, and says that it was agreed (placitum) by the king's writ in Northumberland between Odinell de Umfraville, Richard's grandfather, and William de Vesci, Eustace's father, in the 2nd year of king Henry at Werkeworthe, regarding the custody of Henry Bataille, at a county court on the Morrow of the Purification of the Blessed Mary, by friends convened on both sides, that for 15 marks, and a horse and a goshawk, which William gave to Odinell, the latter should quitclaim the custody of the aforesaid Henry and his heirs for ever, and also their marriage, when they happened; and this he offered to deraign against him by his freeman Ernald Brud, who would prove by his body that he was present and saw the same, either against Richard, or any other of the county who contradicted it. And if evil chanced to Ernald, by another in his place. Richard's attorney denied and such acquittance or agreement, inasmuch as Henry was a knight three years before his father died, and thus could not be under age when that happened; and likewise Walter, Henry's father was a knight before his father died; and thus none of Gilbert's heirs were under age when his ancestor died, wherefore there could be no agreement regarding their custody. If this was not enough, he placed himself on the great assize, as to their rights in the custody; and asked that it should be admitted that Eustace's attorneys had not denied that
the plaintiff's ancestors had first enfeoffed the heir's ancestors as aforesaid. Decreed---that Richard should have the custody and counsel of the heir, inasmuch as Eustace's attorneys did not deny that Richard's ancestors first enfeoffed those of the heir, and they could not show that Eustace or his ancestors ever had seisin under the quittance alleged to have [been] made by Odinell. And Eustace is in amercement for an unjust deforcement.
[Coram Rege Rolls, 9 John, Co. 33, m.5]
This is the beginning of the feud over the manor as the Umfraville's always thought themselves the owners of this manor. Henry Bataille mentioned in the suit above had a son William Bataille. He married Constance de Flamville, one of the heiresses and sisters of William Flamville and the daughter of Roger Flamville.
Nov. 26, 1261.
Northumberland:---The king has taken the homage of Robert Bataile, son and heir of Constance de Flamville lately deceased for the lands that she held in capite, and has delivered him the lands. William de Latymer the king's escheator ultra Trent is commanded on taking security for 4s.6d. to give Robert seisin.
[Tower of London] [ Originalia, 46 Henry III, m.2]
June 25, 1269.
Northumberland:---Pleas before Gilbert de Preston and other justices itinerant at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, on the morrow of St. John [the] Baptist.
The assize recognises whether Gilbert de Humfarville unjustly disseized William de Duglas and Custancia his wife of their freehold in Faudon; viz., a messuage and 3 carucates and 5 acres of land. Gilbert merely says that at one time he took the tenement, by the precept of lord Edward, as William was accused of having been against the king and said lord Edward in the late disturbance in the kingdom. That afterwards he restored seizin to William by the lord Edward's precept, viz., about the Feast of St. Michael in the king's 51st year, and has never since interfered with said tenement, and claims nothing but the service due him from said manor. William and Custancia say that after Gilbert had seisin of the tenement by lord Edward's precept, he [William] went to the king's court and showed both to the king and lord Edward that he had never joined the disturbance against them, and placed himself on a jury out of the county, by whom the matter was tried. So the king himself by his writ enjoined the Sheriff of the county to give seisin to William; which the Sheriff did accordingly as they say, about the 'Gule of Autumn' in the aforesaid year. And they were in peaceful seisin for eight days until Gilbert unjustly disseised them and burned the houses on the tenement. And they place themselves on the assize. The jurors say on oath, that at one time William was charged with having been against the king and lord Edward in the late troubles, and was afterwards cleared thereof by an inquisition held by the king's precept. And the Sheriff of the county was directed by the king's writ to give William and Custancia seisin which he did accordingly, and after they were seised Gilbert sent his men and
ejected them from their holding, and while it was in his possession their houses were burned. And the jury find that he disseised them unjustly as the writ says. The judgment of the court is that William and Custancia shall recover seisin by view of the jurors; and Gilbert is in amercement. damages, besides the combustion, 90 marks; whereof 20 marks. Damages of the above combustion £20; to
the judgment for damages of the combustion. (some explanatory words seem wanting).
William Duglas was summoned to answer to Gylemin de Wollouere in a plea to show cause why he deforced him of 30s. of rent in Faundon which William Batayle demised to him for a term not yet expired. During which term the said William Batayl sold the rent to William de Duglas, by reason whereof the latter ejected Gylemin therefrom. And further that whereas the said William Batayle had demised the said rent to the plaintiff at the Feast of the Purification of the Blessed Mary in the king's 48th year, for the term of six years. The said William Batayle, at the Feast of the Invention of the Holy Rood next thereafter, sold the same to the said William de Duglas, whereon the latter ejected the Plaintiff within the aforesaid term, from said rent, to his damages as he says, to the extent of £20. William comes and defends. Afterwards he gives a mark for
leave to agree, It is agreed that Gylemin remits his claim for 5 1/2 marks given to him by William.
[Assize Roll, Northumberland, 53 Henry III].
Faudon manor was then passed to William 'le Hardi' Douglas. After the death of his first wife Elizabeth Stewart he abducted [though it may not have been entirely against her will] Eleanor de Lovaine the then widow of Sir William de Ferrers of Groby. Eleanor held many lands in dower of her late husband including Ware, co. Hertford and other large estates in England. These lands were dower lands and reverted back to the Ferrers heirs after her death. Faudon manor was confiscated when William 'le Hardi' Douglas was captured and then after his death Eleanor sought to be dowered in it of Edward I and later Edward II:
Jan. 27, 1289.
The king requests the Guardians of Scotland to arrest William de Douglas and Alienora de Ferrars wherever found, and send them before him and his council to answer for contempt.
Westminster. [Chancery Miscellaneous Portfolios. No. 41/14]
Jan. 28, 1289.
Writ commanding the Sheriff of Northumberland to seize the lands and chattels of William de Duglas for his contempt in violently abducting and carrying off into the interior of Scotland, Alienora, widow of William de Ferrars, from Elena de Zusche's manor of Tranent, where she was awaiting her dower from the lands of her late husband -- and to arrest and imprison himself if he can be found.
Westminster. [Originalia, 17 Edw. I, m. 3]
Feb. 18, 1291.
The king for a fine of £100 made by William de Douglas, grants him the marriage of Alienora widow of William de Ferrars.
Ambesbury. [Fine Rolls, 19 Edw. I, m. 16]
Oct. 23, 1297.
The king by his council at Westminster 23rd October, has committed to Alianora wife of William de Duglas the manor of Wadeham Ferrers part of her dower from William de Ferrers her former husband (seized for William de Duglas's offences, who is a prisoner in the Tower of London) worth £16 2s. 6d. yearly, she drawing £10 yearly for herself and paying £6 2s. 6d. at Exchequer.
[Exchequer, Q.R. Memoranda, 26 Edw. I, m. 63]
Afterwards on 1st <ay 1298, the king granted her the manor free of Yearly payment at Exchequer.
[ibid. m. 67 dorso].
Douglas had been committed to the Tower along with Thomas de Morham and another, under mandate by the Prince of Wales on 12th October. [Close Rolls, 25 Edw. I, m.4].
Jan. 20, 1299.
The king to John de Langeton his chancellor. As Alienora wife of Sir William de Douglas 'who is with God' has begged the king for her dower lands from Sir William de Ferrers her first husband, which were seized along with the said William de Douglas's other lands, for his rebellion, he commands the said dower lands to be restored to her.
Massingham. [Privy Seals (Tower), 27 Edw. I, File 1].
Jan. 24, 1299.
The king learning that William de Douglas of Scotland, a rebel, is dead, whose own lands as well as those in which Alianora his widow had dower from William de Ferrers her first husband, were seized, commands restoration of the latter to her.
Thetford. [Close Rolls, 27 Edw. I, m. 18].
April 27, 1296.
Hugh the son of William Douglas is nearly two years and in the custody of John le Parker at Stebbing but he was born in England.
July 24, 1297.
Letter from the constable of Berwick (?) to the king. Relates the submission of the Scots at Irvine, and that he has put Sir William Douglas in prison for not keeping his agreement.
Berwick. Norman French. [Tower Miscellaneous Rolls. no. 474]
July 24, 1297.
From the same [Constable of Berwick]. Sir William de Douglas in his prison at Berwick Castle in irons. Begs he may not be freed till the king knows the charges against him.
Norman French. [Tower Miscellaneous Rolls. no. 474]
Nov. 24, 1298.
The king commands the Sheriff of Northumberland to deliver the manor of Faudon, forfeited by William de Douglas, a Scotsman and rebel, to Gilbert de Umfraville earl of Angus. By the king himself.
Newcastle-on-Tyne. [Close Rolls, 27 Edw. I, m.20].
July 1, 1302.
Petition of Alianora de Ferrers as to the rectification of the demand against her for the balance (£83) of William de Douglas's fine of £100 for marrying her, as his own lands of Faudon were sufficient security. Respited (in Parliament at Westminster)
[Exchequer Q.R. Memoranda, 31 Edw. I, m. 25 dorso].
July 22, 1302.
The king to John de St. John his lieutenant in Scotland. Alianora de Ferrers has petitioned the king for her dower from the lands of her former husband William de Ferrers in Scotland, which were seized for the rebellion of William Douglas afterwards her husband, also now deceased. He commands that her dower from her first husband be restored.
Westminster. [Close Rolls, 30 Edw. I, m. 9]
June 10, 1305.
The king empowers Richard de Buselyngthorp to receive the attorneys of Robert de Umfraville and Lucia his wife, in a plea depending in the king's bench between them and Alianora widow of William de Douglas, plaintiff, regarding her dower in Faudon.
Wytle. 10th June anno xxxiii. [Chancery Miscellaneous portfolios, no. 41/123].
Hugh Douglas the son of Eleanor and William Douglas was born at Ware, co. Hertford in 1295 where Eleanor had her dower lands of William de Ferrers, Earl of Groby.
Faudon manor was temporarily granted to Sir James Douglas in 1329 when he came to England on his way to Spain with the heart of Robert the Bruce.
Michaelmas [Sept. 29] 1308. Northumberland.
The sheriff accounts for £10 levied from Robert de Umfraville, who holds the lands which were William Duglas's (of a fine of £100 which William made with the late king for licence to marry Aleanora de Ferrars), by writ returnable on the morrow of the last Easter.
[Exchequer. L.T.R. memoranda I Edw. II].
May 12, 1329
Restitution by the king's special favor to Sir James Douglas knight, of the manor of Faudon in Northumberland, and all other lands in England forfeited by his father William Douglas.
Eltham. [Patent Rolls, 3 Edw. III, p.1. m.20]
Sept. 1, 1329
The king commends to Alfonso King of Castile, Leon &c. James Douglas of Scotland, who is on his way to the Holy Land against the Saracens. Gloucester.[Close Rolls, 3 Edw. III, m.12 dorso]
Sept. 1, 1329
Protection for seven years for James lord of Douglas in Scotland on his way to the Holy Land with the heart of the late Robert, king of Scotland, in aid of the Christians against the Saracens.
Gloucester. [Patent Rolls, 3 Edw. III,p.2, m.14]
After the death of Sir James Douglas the Umfravilles again pressed their claim and received the manor of Faudon.
Faudon was the largest holding of the Douglas family in England. As far as Douglasdale in Scotland I only know that Sir James Douglas was given permission to rebuild it as it had been destroyed in the Scottish Wars by Robert the Bruce. At the time of Sir James Douglas death the family estates were either partly ruined or confiscated by the English. This is what I meant by the value of the inheritance. I cannot see why in 1332 the Keiths would have pressed for estates that had little value due to devastation. The manors had at one time before the conflict been worth a great deal but many families were in this same position. The Strathbolgi family for one lost their Scottish lands and pressed for the estate of Chilham in Kent which was theirs through the descent from Rohese de Dover because of devastation of their Northumberland lands. They
needed a source of income that had not been ruined by the devastation caused by the raids on both sides of the border in northern England and the Scottish Border lands. What we now see as value manors at that time were victims of a war and not what they appear today.
62917312. ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS of Hermiston and 2nd of Douglas was born about 1180 He married Margaret around 1215. He died before
18th Jul 1240
62917313. MARGARET CRAWFURD co-heiress of Crawfordjohn,
31458656. Sir William "Longlegs" de Douglas, b. Abt 1200,
Sir Andrew Douglas, of Hermiston, b. Abt 1205,
The lands of Crawfordjohn South Lanarkshire today.
125834624. WILLIAM de DOUGLAS, of Douglas, was born about 1160 and died in 1214.
125834625. Nothing is known about his wife.
62917312.Sir Archibald Douglas, of Hermiston and 2nd of Douglas,
Bruce Douglas, Bishop of Moray,
Margaret Douglas, b. Abt 1190,